This panel screens for HIV, chlamydia and gonorrhea.
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes AIDS and is spread through the exchange of bodily fluids including sexual activity and the sharing of intravenous drug needles. Eventually, those who are infected with HIV will develop AIDS which ultimately destroys the immune system, opening the body to numerous infections. There is no cure for AIDS so early detection and treatment can delay the onset of symptoms and slow the progression of the disease.
Why Do I Need It?
An annual HIV test is recommended for anyone sexually active between the ages 13 to 64. Those who are at an increased risk for contracting the virus (men who have sex with men, IV drug users, etc.) should test more frequently.
Understanding HIV Test Results
A positive test result indicates that you are infected with the HIV virus. A negative result may indicate that you are not infected, or that it is too early for antibodies to develop to the virus. Retesting is recommended if you are in a high risk group.
About the Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Panel
This test screens for two common STDs, chlamydia and gonorrhea. The CDC recommends annual testing for these infections, with or without symptoms. Left untreated, chlamydia and gonorrhea can lead to serious reproductive problems including infertility.
Symptoms of chlamydia and gonorrhea may include the following:
- Abnormal penile or vaginal discharge
- Pain with urination
- Pain during sex
- Genital discomfort
- Lower abdominal or back pain (women)
- Irregular menstrual cycles (women)
- Swollen testicles (men)
Why Do I Need It?
If there is a possibility you have been exposed, do not wait for symptoms to appear. Many people never experience noticeable symptoms when infected and they can be tested simultaneously with one sample. Dual testing is recommended since both STDs can cause similar symptoms.
If you are concerned about a specific exposure to chlamydia or gonorrhea, there is a chance you may have been exposed to other STDs as well.
Understanding Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Test Results
Results for these tests are either positive or negative. If your results are positive, contact your doctor or gynecologist immediately for treatment and inform any partners who also may have been exposed.
This is blood and urine testing. The lab asks that you not go to the bathroom at least 1-2 hours before testing, no fasting required.